March 25, 2020

What Is The Coronavirus?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so we must practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

The best way to prevent and slow down the transmission of the virus is to educate oneself about the COVID-19, the disease it causes, and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol-based rub frequently and not touching your face.

Most people infected with the virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without special treatment. Older people and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop severe illness.

COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. The most common symptoms are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, and chest pain or pressure. Always call the clinic or hospital before visiting your doctor.

Resources: www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus

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