Diabetes is a chronic condition in which blood sugar is higher than normal because of insulin abnormalities. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to help the body use glucose as a source of energy and to regulate blood sugar levels. The most common form of Diabetes is Type 2. It is a condition in which the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin and there is a resistance to the action of the insulin produced. Genetics have a very strong role in the development of type 2 Diabetes but lifestyle factors such as being overweight/obese, having low physical activity levels, bad eating habits, are big culprits.
Some people with type 2 Diabetes have mild symptoms that can go unnoticed. Common symptoms of Diabetes include: urinating often, feeling thirsty, feeling very hungry, extreme fatigue, blurry vision, weight loss, tingling/pain or numbness in the hands/feet.
It is important to note that sometimes Diabetes can show NO symptoms. Therefore it is important to know your risk factors, and those at high risk should get screened every year.
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS OF DIABETES?
• Physical inactivity
• First-degree relative with diabetes
• High-risk race/ethnicity
• Women who delivered a baby weighing more than 4kg or were diagnosed with gestational diabetes
• High Blood pressure
• Conditions associated with insulin resistance: severe obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome
• History of heart disease or stroke
If you have any of the above symptoms or risk factors, book your appointment with Dr. Katia El Sibai.