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Paediatrics Ophthalmology

Having a good vision is a key to your child’s physical and educational development.

Babies and toddlers do not have fully developed vision system and it requires an equal input of the left and the right eye to the brain’s vision center, to ensure a normal development. If for any reason one eye cannot send a clear picture to the brain, then it is possible that this child’s vision becomes limited and cannot be repaired in the future. But if vision problems are diagnosed early, it is in most cases possible to do an effective treatment.

When should a screening by an Ophthalmologist be done?

Children’s vision and eye alignment should be assessed by an ophthalmologist between the age of 3 and 3½ years.

However, a consultation with an ophthalmologist should happen at an earlier age, if:

• Parents or caregivers observe abnormal visual behavior
• The child a medical condition, such as Down syndrome, Juvenile Arthritis or Prematurity
• Family history for amblyopia, strabism, retinoblastoma, congenital cataract or congenital glaucoma
• The child shows learning difficulties, delayed development, behavior issues or neuropsychological conditions

If the eye examination and vision screening turn out normal, a regular check-up should be done every two years.

The regular check-up includes:

• Visual acuity in the far distance and the reading distance
• Vision screening with the Spot TM Vision Screener from Welch Allyn and Auto refraction (if needed, eye drops will be given for an accurate measurement)
• Stereoptic Tests and ocular alignment assessment
• Color Vision Tests
• Pupil reaction Tests
• Ocular motility assessment
• Ocular media clarity
• Examination of the anterior and posterior chamber of the eye

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